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useQuery

tsx
const {
data,
dataUpdatedAt,
error,
errorUpdatedAt,
failureCount,
isError,
isFetched,
isFetchedAfterMount,
isFetching,
isPaused,
isLoading,
isLoadingError,
isPlaceholderData,
isPreviousData,
isRefetchError,
isRefetching,
isStale,
isSuccess,
refetch,
remove,
status,
fetchStatus,
} = useQuery(queryKey, queryFn?, {
cacheTime,
enabled,
networkMode,
initialData,
initialDataUpdatedAt,
isDataEqual,
keepPreviousData,
meta,
notifyOnChangeProps,
onError,
onSettled,
onSuccess,
placeholderData,
queryKeyHashFn,
refetchInterval,
refetchIntervalInBackground,
refetchOnMount,
refetchOnReconnect,
refetchOnWindowFocus,
retry,
retryOnMount,
retryDelay,
select,
staleTime,
structuralSharing,
suspense,
useErrorBoundary,
})
// or using the object syntax
const result = useQuery({
queryKey,
queryFn,
enabled,
})

Options

  • queryKey: unknown[]
    • Required
    • The query key to use for this query.
    • The query key will be hashed into a stable hash. See Query Keys for more information.
    • The query will automatically update when this key changes (as long as enabled is not set to false).
  • queryFn: (context: QueryFunctionContext) => Promise<TData>
    • Required, but only if no default query function has been defined See Default Query Function for more information.
    • The function that the query will use to request data.
    • Receives a QueryFunctionContext
    • Must return a promise that will either resolve data or throw an error. The data cannot be undefined.
  • enabled: boolean
    • Set this to false to disable this query from automatically running.
    • Can be used for Dependent Queries.
  • networkMode: 'online' | 'always' | 'offlineFirst
    • optional
    • defaults to 'online'
    • see Network Mode for more information.
  • retry: boolean | number | (failureCount: number, error: TError) => boolean
    • If false, failed queries will not retry by default.
    • If true, failed queries will retry infinitely.
    • If set to a number, e.g. 3, failed queries will retry until the failed query count meets that number.
  • retryOnMount: boolean
    • If set to false, the query will not be retried on mount if it contains an error. Defaults to true.
  • retryDelay: number | (retryAttempt: number, error: TError) => number
    • This function receives a retryAttempt integer and the actual Error and returns the delay to apply before the next attempt in milliseconds.
    • A function like attempt => Math.min(attempt > 1 ? 2 ** attempt * 1000 : 1000, 30 * 1000) applies exponential backoff.
    • A function like attempt => attempt * 1000 applies linear backoff.
  • staleTime: number | Infinity
    • Optional
    • Defaults to 0
    • The time in milliseconds after data is considered stale. This value only applies to the hook it is defined on.
    • If set to Infinity, the data will never be considered stale
  • cacheTime: number | Infinity
    • Defaults to 5 * 60 * 1000 (5 minutes) or Infinity during SSR
    • The time in milliseconds that unused/inactive cache data remains in memory. When a query's cache becomes unused or inactive, that cache data will be garbage collected after this duration. When different cache times are specified, the longest one will be used.
    • If set to Infinity, will disable garbage collection
  • queryKeyHashFn: (queryKey: QueryKey) => string
    • Optional
    • If specified, this function is used to hash the queryKey to a string.
  • refetchInterval: number | false | ((data: TData | undefined, query: Query) => number | false)
    • Optional
    • If set to a number, all queries will continuously refetch at this frequency in milliseconds
    • If set to a function, the function will be executed with the latest data and query to compute a frequency
  • refetchIntervalInBackground: boolean
    • Optional
    • If set to true, queries that are set to continuously refetch with a refetchInterval will continue to refetch while their tab/window is in the background
  • refetchOnMount: boolean | "always" | ((query: Query) => boolean | "always")
    • Optional
    • Defaults to true
    • If set to true, the query will refetch on mount if the data is stale.
    • If set to false, the query will not refetch on mount.
    • If set to "always", the query will always refetch on mount.
    • If set to a function, the function will be executed with the query to compute the value
  • refetchOnWindowFocus: boolean | "always" | ((query: Query) => boolean | "always")
    • Optional
    • Defaults to true
    • If set to true, the query will refetch on window focus if the data is stale.
    • If set to false, the query will not refetch on window focus.
    • If set to "always", the query will always refetch on window focus.
    • If set to a function, the function will be executed with the query to compute the value
  • refetchOnReconnect: boolean | "always" | ((query: Query) => boolean | "always")
    • Optional
    • Defaults to true
    • If set to true, the query will refetch on reconnect if the data is stale.
    • If set to false, the query will not refetch on reconnect.
    • If set to "always", the query will always refetch on reconnect.
    • If set to a function, the function will be executed with the query to compute the value
  • notifyOnChangeProps: string[] | "all"
    • Optional
    • If set, the component will only re-render if any of the listed properties change.
    • If set to ['data', 'error'] for example, the component will only re-render when the data or error properties change.
    • If set to "all", the component will opt-out of smart tracking and re-render whenever a query is updated.
    • By default, access to properties will be tracked, and the component will only re-render when one of the tracked properties change.
  • onSuccess: (data: TData) => void
    • Optional
    • This function will fire any time the query successfully fetches new data.
  • onError: (error: TError) => void
    • Optional
    • This function will fire if the query encounters an error and will be passed the error.
  • onSettled: (data?: TData, error?: TError) => void
    • Optional
    • This function will fire any time the query is either successfully fetched or errors and be passed either the data or error.
  • select: (data: TData) => unknown
    • Optional
    • This option can be used to transform or select a part of the data returned by the query function. It affects the returned data value, but does not affect what gets stored in the query cache.
  • suspense: boolean
    • Optional
    • Set this to true to enable suspense mode.
    • When true, useQuery will suspend when status === 'loading'
    • When true, useQuery will throw runtime errors when status === 'error'
  • initialData: TData | () => TData
    • Optional
    • If set, this value will be used as the initial data for the query cache (as long as the query hasn't been created or cached yet)
    • If set to a function, the function will be called once during the shared/root query initialization, and be expected to synchronously return the initialData
    • Initial data is considered stale by default unless a staleTime has been set.
    • initialData is persisted to the cache
  • initialDataUpdatedAt: number | (() => number | undefined)
    • Optional
    • If set, this value will be used as the time (in milliseconds) of when the initialData itself was last updated.
  • placeholderData: TData | () => TData
    • Optional
    • If set, this value will be used as the placeholder data for this particular query observer while the query is still in the loading data and no initialData has been provided.
    • placeholderData is not persisted to the cache
  • keepPreviousData: boolean
    • Optional
    • Defaults to false
    • If set, any previous data will be kept when fetching new data because the query key changed.
  • isDataEqual: (oldData: TData | undefined, newData: TData) => boolean
    • Optional
    • This function should return boolean indicating whether to use previous data (true) or new data (false) as a resolved data for the query.
  • structuralSharing: boolean | ((oldData: TData | undefined, newData: TData) => TData)
    • Optional
    • Defaults to true
    • If set to false, structural sharing between query results will be disabled.
    • If set to a function, the old and new data values will be passed through this function, which should combine them into resolved data for the query. This way, you can retain references from the old data to improve performance even when that data contains non-serializable values.
  • useErrorBoundary: undefined | boolean | (error: TError, query: Query) => boolean
    • Defaults to the global query config's useErrorBoundary value, which is undefined
    • Set this to true if you want errors to be thrown in the render phase and propagate to the nearest error boundary
    • Set this to false to disable suspense's default behavior of throwing errors to the error boundary.
    • If set to a function, it will be passed the error and the query, and it should return a boolean indicating whether to show the error in an error boundary (true) or return the error as state (false)
  • meta: Record<string, unknown>
    • Optional
    • If set, stores additional information on the query cache entry that can be used as needed. It will be accessible wherever the query is available, and is also part of the QueryFunctionContext provided to the queryFn.
  • context?: React.Context<QueryClient | undefined>
    • Use this to use a custom React Query context. Otherwise, defaultContext will be used.

Returns

  • status: String
    • Will be:
      • loading if there's no cached data and no query attempt was finished yet.
      • error if the query attempt resulted in an error. The corresponding error property has the error received from the attempted fetch
      • success if the query has received a response with no errors and is ready to display its data. The corresponding data property on the query is the data received from the successful fetch or if the query's enabled property is set to false and has not been fetched yet data is the first initialData supplied to the query on initialization.
  • isLoading: boolean
    • A derived boolean from the status variable above, provided for convenience.
  • isSuccess: boolean
    • A derived boolean from the status variable above, provided for convenience.
  • isError: boolean
    • A derived boolean from the status variable above, provided for convenience.
  • isLoadingError: boolean
    • Will be true if the query failed while fetching for the first time.
  • isRefetchError: boolean
    • Will be true if the query failed while refetching.
  • data: TData
    • Defaults to undefined.
    • The last successfully resolved data for the query.
  • dataUpdatedAt: number
    • The timestamp for when the query most recently returned the status as "success".
  • error: null | TError
    • Defaults to null
    • The error object for the query, if an error was thrown.
  • errorUpdatedAt: number
    • The timestamp for when the query most recently returned the status as "error".
  • isStale: boolean
    • Will be true if the data in the cache is invalidated or if the data is older than the given staleTime.
  • isPlaceholderData: boolean
    • Will be true if the data shown is the placeholder data.
  • isPreviousData: boolean
    • Will be true when keepPreviousData is set and data from the previous query is returned.
  • isFetched: boolean
    • Will be true if the query has been fetched.
  • isFetchedAfterMount: boolean
    • Will be true if the query has been fetched after the component mounted.
    • This property can be used to not show any previously cached data.
  • fetchStatus: FetchStatus
    • fetching: Is true whenever the queryFn is executing, which includes initial loading as well as background refetches.
    • paused: The query wanted to fetch, but has been paused.
    • idle: The query is not fetching.
    • see Network Mode for more information.
  • isFetching: boolean
    • A derived boolean from the fetchStatus variable above, provided for convenience.
  • isPaused: boolean
    • A derived boolean from the fetchStatus variable above, provided for convenience.
  • isRefetching: boolean
    • Is true whenever a background refetch is in-flight, which does not include initial loading
    • Is the same as isFetching && !isLoading
  • isInitialLoading: boolean
    • Is true whenever the first fetch for a query is in-flight
    • Is the same as isFetching && isLoading
  • failureCount: number
    • The failure count for the query.
    • Incremented every time the query fails.
    • Reset to 0 when the query succeeds.
  • errorUpdateCount: number
    • The sum of all errors.
  • refetch: (options: { throwOnError: boolean, cancelRefetch: boolean }) => Promise<UseQueryResult>
    • A function to manually refetch the query.
    • If the query errors, the error will only be logged. If you want an error to be thrown, pass the throwOnError: true option
    • cancelRefetch?: boolean
      • Defaults to true
        • Per default, a currently running request will be cancelled before a new request is made
      • When set to false, no refetch will be made if there is already a request running.
  • remove: () => void
    • A function to remove the query from the cache.