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experimental_createPersister

Installation

This utility comes as a separate package and is available under the '@tanstack/query-persist-client-core' import.

bash
npm install @tanstack/query-persist-client-core
npm install @tanstack/query-persist-client-core

or

bash
pnpm add @tanstack/query-persist-client-core
pnpm add @tanstack/query-persist-client-core

or

bash
yarn add @tanstack/query-persist-client-core
yarn add @tanstack/query-persist-client-core

or

bash
bun add @tanstack/query-persist-client-core
bun add @tanstack/query-persist-client-core

Note: This util is also included in the @tanstack/react-query-persist-client package, so you do not need to install it separately if you are using that package.

Usage

  • Import the experimental_createPersister function
  • Create a new experimental_createPersister
    • you can pass any storage to it that adheres to the AsyncStorage or Storage interface - the example below uses the async-storage from React Native.
  • Pass that persister as an option to your Query. This can be done either by passing it to the defaultOptions of the QueryClient or to any useQuery hook instance.
    • If you pass this persister as defaultOptions, all queries will be persisted to the provided storage. You can additionally narrow this down by passing filters. In contrast to the persistClient plugin, this will not persist the whole query client as a single item, but each query separately. As a key, the query hash is used.
    • If you provide this persister to a single useQuery hook, only this Query will be persisted.

This way, you do not need to store whole QueryClient, but choose what is worth to be persisted in your application. Each query is lazily restored (when the Query is first used) and persisted (after each run of the queryFn), so it does not need to be throttled. staleTime is also respected after restoring the Query, so if data is considered stale, it will be refetched immediately after restoring. If data is fresh, the queryFn will not run.

Garbage collecting a Query from memory does not affect the persisted data. That means Queries can be kept in memory for a shorter period of time to be more memory efficient. If they are used the next time, they will just be restored from the persistent storage again.

tsx
import AsyncStorage from '@react-native-async-storage/async-storage'
import { QueryClient } from '@tanstack/react-query'
import { experimental_createPersister } from '@tanstack/query-persist-client-core'

const queryClient = new QueryClient({
  defaultOptions: {
    queries: {
      gcTime: 1000 * 30, // 30 seconds
      persister: experimental_createPersister({
        storage: AsyncStorage,
        maxAge: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 12, // 12 hours
      }),
    },
  },
})
import AsyncStorage from '@react-native-async-storage/async-storage'
import { QueryClient } from '@tanstack/react-query'
import { experimental_createPersister } from '@tanstack/query-persist-client-core'

const queryClient = new QueryClient({
  defaultOptions: {
    queries: {
      gcTime: 1000 * 30, // 30 seconds
      persister: experimental_createPersister({
        storage: AsyncStorage,
        maxAge: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 12, // 12 hours
      }),
    },
  },
})

Adapted defaults

The createPersister plugin technically wraps the queryFn, so it doesn't restore if the queryFn doesn't run. In that way, it acts as a caching layer between the Query and the network. Thus, the networkMode defaults to 'offlineFirst' when a persister is used, so that restoring from the persistent storage can also happen even if there is no network connection.

API

experimental_createPersister

tsx
experimental_createPersister(options: StoragePersisterOptions)
experimental_createPersister(options: StoragePersisterOptions)

Options

tsx
export interface StoragePersisterOptions {
  /** The storage client used for setting and retrieving items from cache.
   * For SSR pass in `undefined`.
   */
  storage: AsyncStorage | Storage | undefined | null
  /**
   * How to serialize the data to storage.
   * @default `JSON.stringify`
   */
  serialize?: (persistedQuery: PersistedQuery) => string
  /**
   * How to deserialize the data from storage.
   * @default `JSON.parse`
   */
  deserialize?: (cachedString: string) => PersistedQuery
  /**
   * A unique string that can be used to forcefully invalidate existing caches,
   * if they do not share the same buster string
   */
  buster?: string
  /**
   * The max-allowed age of the cache in milliseconds.
   * If a persisted cache is found that is older than this
   * time, it will be discarded
   * @default 24 hours
   */
  maxAge?: number
  /**
   * Prefix to be used for storage key.
   * Storage key is a combination of prefix and query hash in a form of `prefix-queryHash`.
   */
  prefix?: string
  /**
   * Filters to narrow down which Queries should be persisted.
   */
  filters?: QueryFilters
}

interface AsyncStorage {
  getItem: (key: string) => Promise<string | undefined | null>
  setItem: (key: string, value: string) => Promise<unknown>
  removeItem: (key: string) => Promise<void>
}
export interface StoragePersisterOptions {
  /** The storage client used for setting and retrieving items from cache.
   * For SSR pass in `undefined`.
   */
  storage: AsyncStorage | Storage | undefined | null
  /**
   * How to serialize the data to storage.
   * @default `JSON.stringify`
   */
  serialize?: (persistedQuery: PersistedQuery) => string
  /**
   * How to deserialize the data from storage.
   * @default `JSON.parse`
   */
  deserialize?: (cachedString: string) => PersistedQuery
  /**
   * A unique string that can be used to forcefully invalidate existing caches,
   * if they do not share the same buster string
   */
  buster?: string
  /**
   * The max-allowed age of the cache in milliseconds.
   * If a persisted cache is found that is older than this
   * time, it will be discarded
   * @default 24 hours
   */
  maxAge?: number
  /**
   * Prefix to be used for storage key.
   * Storage key is a combination of prefix and query hash in a form of `prefix-queryHash`.
   */
  prefix?: string
  /**
   * Filters to narrow down which Queries should be persisted.
   */
  filters?: QueryFilters
}

interface AsyncStorage {
  getItem: (key: string) => Promise<string | undefined | null>
  setItem: (key: string, value: string) => Promise<unknown>
  removeItem: (key: string) => Promise<void>
}

The default options are:

tsx
{
  prefix = 'tanstack-query',
  maxAge = 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24,
  serialize = JSON.stringify,
  deserialize = JSON.parse,
}
{
  prefix = 'tanstack-query',
  maxAge = 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24,
  serialize = JSON.stringify,
  deserialize = JSON.parse,
}
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