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Column Visibility Guide

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Column Visibility API

Column Visibility Guide

The column visibility feature allows table columns to be hidden or shown dynamically. In previous versions of react-table, this feature was a static property on a column, but in v8, there is a dedicated columnVisibility state and APIs for managing column visibility dynamically.

Column Visibility State

The columnVisibility state is a map of column IDs to boolean values. A column will be hidden if its ID is present in the map and the value is false. If the column ID is not present in the map, or the value is true, the column will be shown.

jsx
const [columnVisibility, setColumnVisibility] = useState({
  columnId1: true,
  columnId2: false, //hide this column by default
  columnId3: true,
});

const table = useReactTable({
  //...
  state: {
    columnVisibility,
    //...
  },
  onColumnVisibilityChange: setColumnVisibility,
});
const [columnVisibility, setColumnVisibility] = useState({
  columnId1: true,
  columnId2: false, //hide this column by default
  columnId3: true,
});

const table = useReactTable({
  //...
  state: {
    columnVisibility,
    //...
  },
  onColumnVisibilityChange: setColumnVisibility,
});

Alternatively, if you don't need to manage the column visibility state outside of the table, you can still set the initial default column visibility state using the initialState option.

Note: If columnVisibility is provided to both initialState and state, the state initialization will take precedence and initialState will be ignored. Do not provide columnVisibility to both initialState and state, only one or the other.

jsx
const table = useReactTable({
  //...
  initialState: {
    columnVisibility: {
      columnId1: true,
      columnId2: false, //hide this column by default
      columnId3: true,
    },
    //...
  },
});
const table = useReactTable({
  //...
  initialState: {
    columnVisibility: {
      columnId1: true,
      columnId2: false, //hide this column by default
      columnId3: true,
    },
    //...
  },
});

Disable Hiding Columns

By default, all columns can be hidden or shown. If you want to prevent certain columns from being hidden, you set the enableHiding column option to false for those columns.

jsx
const columns = [
  {
    header: 'ID',
    accessorKey: 'id',
    enableHiding: false, // disable hiding for this column
  },
  {
    header: 'Name',
    accessor: 'name', // can be hidden
  },
];
const columns = [
  {
    header: 'ID',
    accessorKey: 'id',
    enableHiding: false, // disable hiding for this column
  },
  {
    header: 'Name',
    accessor: 'name', // can be hidden
  },
];

Column Visibility Toggle APIs

There are several column API methods that are useful for rendering column visibility toggles in the UI.

  • column.getCanHide
    • Useful for disabling the visibility toggle for a column that has enableHiding set to false.
  • column.getIsVisible
    • Useful for setting the initial state of the visibility toggle.
  • column.toggleVisibility
    • Useful for toggling the visibility of a column.
  • column.getToggleVisibilityHandler
    • Shortcut for hooking up the column.toggleVisibility method to a UI event handler.
jsx
{table.getAllColumns().map((column) => (
  <label key={column.id}>
    <input
      checked={column.getIsVisible()}
      disabled={!column.getCanHide()}
      onChange={column.getToggleVisibilityHandler()}
      type="checkbox"
    />
    {column.columnDef.header}
  </label>
))}
{table.getAllColumns().map((column) => (
  <label key={column.id}>
    <input
      checked={column.getIsVisible()}
      disabled={!column.getCanHide()}
      onChange={column.getToggleVisibilityHandler()}
      type="checkbox"
    />
    {column.columnDef.header}
  </label>
))}

Column Visibility Aware Table APIs

When you render your header, body, and footer cells, there are a lot of API options available. You may see APIs like table.getAllLeafColumns and row.getAllCells, but if you use these APIs, they will not take column visibility into account. Instead, you need to use the "visible" variants of these APIs, such as table.getVisibleLeafColumns and row.getVisibleCells.

jsx
<table>
  <thead>
    <tr>
      {table.getVisibleLeafColumns().map((column) => ( // takes column visibility into account
        //
      ))}
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    {table.getRowModel().rows.map((row) => (
      <tr key={row.id}>
        {row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => ( // takes column visibility into account
          //
        ))}
      </tr>
    ))}
  </tbody>
</table>
<table>
  <thead>
    <tr>
      {table.getVisibleLeafColumns().map((column) => ( // takes column visibility into account
        //
      ))}
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    {table.getRowModel().rows.map((row) => (
      <tr key={row.id}>
        {row.getVisibleCells().map((cell) => ( // takes column visibility into account
          //
        ))}
      </tr>
    ))}
  </tbody>
</table>

If you are using the Header Group APIs, they will already take column visibility into account.

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