Custom Search Param Serialization

TODO This portion of documentation is currently under construction

By default, TanStack Router parses and serializes your search params automatically. Depending on your needs though, you may want to customize the serialization process.

To do so, you can use ReactRouter's parseSearch and stringifySearch options combined with the parseSearchWith and stringifySearchWith utilities.

For example: We can reimplement the default parser/serializer with the following code:

tsx
import {
ReactRouter,
parseSearchWith,
stringifySearchWith,
} from '@tanstack/react-router'
const router = new ReactRouter({
parseSearch: parseSearchWith(JSON.parse),
stringifySearch: stringifySearchWith(JSON.stringify),
})

Using Base64

It's common to base64 encode your search params to achieve maximum compatibility across browsers and URL unfurlers, etc. This can be done with the following code:

tsx
import {
ReactRouter,
parseSearchWith,
stringifySearchWith,
} from '@tanstack/react-router'
const router = new ReactRouter({
parseSearch: parseSearchWith((value) => JSON.parse(decodeFromBinary(value))),
stringifySearch: stringifySearchWith((value) =>
encodeToBinary(JSON.stringify(value)),
),
})
export function decodeFromBinary(str: string): string {
return decodeURIComponent(
Array.prototype.map
.call(atob(str), function (c) {
return '%' + ('00' + c.charCodeAt(0).toString(16)).slice(-2)
})
.join(''),
)
}
export function encodeToBinary(str: string): string {
return btoa(
encodeURIComponent(str).replace(/%([0-9A-F]{2})/g, function (match, p1) {
return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(p1, 16))
}),
)
}

⚠️ Why does this snippet not use atob/btoa?

Using Zipson

Zipson is a very user-friendly and performant JSON compression library (both in runtime performance and the resulting compression performance). To compress your search params with it (which requires escaping/unescaping and base64 encoding/decoding them as well), you can use the following code:

tsx
import {
ReactRouter,
parseSearchWith,
stringifySearchWith,
} from '@tanstack/react-router'
import { stringify, parse } from 'zipson'
const router = new ReactRouter({
parseSearch: parseSearchWith((value) =>
parse(decodeURIComponent(decodeFromBinary(value))),
),
stringifySearch: stringifySearchWith((value) =>
encodeToBinary(encodeURIComponent(stringify(value))),
),
})
export function decodeFromBinary(str: string): string {
return decodeURIComponent(
Array.prototype.map
.call(atob(str), function (c) {
return '%' + ('00' + c.charCodeAt(0).toString(16)).slice(-2)
})
.join(''),
)
}
export function encodeToBinary(str: string): string {
return btoa(
encodeURIComponent(str).replace(/%([0-9A-F]{2})/g, function (match, p1) {
return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(p1, 16))
}),
)
}

⚠️ Why does this snippet not use atob/btoa?

Using JSURL

JSURL is a non-standard library that can both compress URLs while still maintaining readability. This can be done with the following code:

tsx
import {
ReactRouter,
parseSearchWith,
stringifySearchWith,
} from '@tanstack/react-router'
import jsurl from 'jsurl'
const router = new ReactRouter({
parseSearch: parseSearchWith(jsurl.parse),
stringifySearch: stringifySearchWith(jsurl.stringify),
})

Safe Binary Encoding/Decoding

In the browser, atob and btoa are not guaranteed to work properly with non-UTF8 characters. We recommend using these encoding/decoding utilities instead:

To encode from a string to a binary string:

typescript
export function encodeToBinary(str: string): string {
return btoa(
encodeURIComponent(str).replace(/%([0-9A-F]{2})/g, function (match, p1) {
return String.fromCharCode(parseInt(p1, 16))
}),
)
}

To decode from a binary string to a string:

typescript
export function decodeFromBinary(str: string): string {
return decodeURIComponent(
Array.prototype.map
.call(atob(str), function (c) {
return '%' + ('00' + c.charCodeAt(0).toString(16)).slice(-2)
})
.join(''),
)
}